Lima has a characteristic charm, a passage to Latin American history, cradle of the most imposing and majestic works of architectural art.
The Historic Center of Lima is the place of origin of the colonial city, where the main buildings and churches of the time are located. It was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1988 due to the importance that the city had during the Viceroyalty of Peru, leaving as a testimony of its great domain and history, architectural beauties, in which through its more than 1,600 balconies, 11 Casonas and Palaces of the Viceroyalty, and other buildings in the style of neoclassical art and Art Nouveau, reflects that through time is still worthy of contemplation.
The city is bathed by waters of the Pacific Ocean, so at the beginning of the XVIII century, it received the honorific title of “Pearl of the Pacific”, since it was the entrance of the international trade in our historic Port of Callao; which has one of the largest military monuments built in the virreinal era.
Lima was the cradle of many civilizations, among which CARAL stands out: the first formed in America and the oldest in the world along with Mesopotamia. The Sacred City of Caral is located north of Lima and is a World Heritage Site, distinguished by its antiquity, pyramidal buildings, and for being a civilization that developed advanced technology. At present 217 archaeological sites have been reported in Lima, many of them located in the middle of the city, easily accessible and in perfect condition, becoming one of the main attractions of the city.
To relate to the ancient Peruvian culture, the city has one of the greatest cultural management tools, museums, in which our assets and ancestral heritage are reflected. Lima has more than seventy museums, among which stand out: the National Museum of Anthropology, Archeology and History, the Larco Museum, the Gold Museum of Peru, the National Museum of Archeology, Anthropology and History of Peru, which among its collections important houses an impressive sample of pre-Columbian textiles, the National Museum of Peruvian Culture and the Rafael Larco Herrera Archaeological Museum, located within a viceregal mansion and featuring among its most outstanding attractions a fine collection of gold and silver from ancient Peru, the famous “Erotic Art Collection” and “The Deposits” where visitors can see 45 000 properly classified archaeological objects. It should be noted that not only are museums dedicated to exposing the manifestations of Peruvian pre-Columbian culture, but there are also museums of art, natural history, science, religious and thematic.
Parks, Squares and Alameda
Lima is surrounded by parks, squares and malls in which homage is paid to heroes and notable characters of the history of Peru through its architecture, ranging from statues, monuments and even water sources, so it still retains that Traditional atmosphere that makes them more interesting and busy.
Each one of them has great lighting, infrastructure and distinguished aesthetics, with the capacity to accommodate a greater demand for visitors. The Plaza Mayor de Lima or Plaza de Armas is the main public space of the city and is located in the heart of the Historic Center of Lima. It is surrounded by the majestic buildings of the main powers of the country and the city: the Government Palace headquarters of the Executive Power; the Municipal Palace, headquarters of the local government; the Cathedral of Lima and the Archbishop’s Palace.